UPSC New Syllabus-Prelims, Mains and Interview

complete upsc syllabus

The Civil Services Examination is considered to be one of the toughest and the most prestigious examinations that are conducted in India.

This examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) based on the UPSC syllabus, which is a nationwide exam with success rate of 0.1%–0.3%.

The Civil services exam is conducted in three phases:

  • Phase 1: Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type)
  • Phase 2: Civil Services (Mains) Examination (Descriptive Type)
  • Phase 3: Personal Interview (Personality Test)

The UPSC prescribes a common syllabus pattern for many services such as the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) to name a few. To understand the examination properly, one needs to understand the syllabus.

This helps in eliminating the wasteful efforts of the candidates like reading unnecessary topics leading to a loss of time and keeps one strictly aligned to the expectations of the UPSC from day one.

Here we are going to discuss the full IAS Syllabus which is broken down into various phases and subjects with a broad overview of the civil services syllabus:

UPSC Syllabus for IAS Prelims Exam

upsc syllabus pdf

The UPSC Prelims Exam is the first and foremost exam to be conducted here. CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test is the original point of focus of the preliminary examination of UPSC.

This test basically helps in estimating the discrete capacity of intellectual of the candidates in Reasoning and Analytics.

This exam acts as a primary mechanism for the selection of candidates for the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Broadly, this examination consists of two objective type papers (multiple choice questions), each carrying 200 marks (total of 400 marks) with an allocated time of 2 hours each.

The purpose of this exam is to finalize the candidates for the Main Examination but the marks obtained in prelims examination are not counted in the final merit.

Memorizing the UPSC prelims examination syllabus is a must for all the students for it is this syllabus that will guide all your preparations.

Keeping the syllabus of UPSC prelims in your mind will help you in spotting notes, articles, issues, and conversations related to the CSE prelims syllabus and keep you very much on track.

The Preliminary Examination is composed of two components:

 upsc syllabus prelims

  1. Paper 1 – General Studies syllabus for UPSC

The General Studies test is the first paper of the preliminary examination and is generally conducted between 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM.

This is the qualifying paper for mains examination and it consists of 100 questions with total 200 marks. Each correctly answered General Studies question will be awarded 2 marks and 0.66 marks would be deducted from the total for every question that is wrongly marked.

Questions that are not attempted will not attract any negative marks. 

This general studies paper is intended to test the general awareness of a candidate in a wide range of subjects like Indian Polity, Geography, History, Indian Economy, Science and Technology, Environment and Ecology, International Relations and other associated UPSC current affairs.

The General studies Syllabus for UPSC  includes topics such as:

  • Current events of national and international importance.

  • History of India and Indian National Movement.

  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  • Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.

  • General Science.

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  1. Paper 2- Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) Syllabus for UPSC

This paper is generally conducted between 2:30 PM to 04:30 PM. This paper is also qualifying but the candidate has to score at least 33% marks only to clear the paper.

CSAT paper consists of 80 questions with total 200 marks were correctly answered CSAT question would attract 2.5 marks each, while every wrongly marked question would attract a penalty of 0.833 for each such wrong answer, which will be deducted from the total.

Questions not attempted will not attract any negative marks in this section as well.

This test is intended to assess the aptitude of the candidate in solving ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions, apart from ‘Reading Comprehension’ and the occasionally asked ‘Decision Making’ questions.

Also, the ‘Decision Making’ based questions are generally exempt from negative marking.

The syllabus for CSAT UPSC includes topics like:

  • Comprehension

  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills

  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability

  • Decision-making and problem solving

  • General mental ability

  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)


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Points to be remembered about the UPSC prelims examination

upsc syllabus for general studies

  • The question papers are set both in Hindi and English. Blind candidates are allowed extra time of twenty minutes for each paper.

  • The questions in the UPSC Prelims exams are objective type and are also called multiple choice questions.

  • The Indian Forest Service (IFS) aspirants are combined with the Civil Services candidates to take the Preliminary examination. The aspirant who may clear the Preliminary exam has to separately write the Mains exams for Indian Forest Service.

  • The prelims examination is conducted just to find the right candidates for the mains exams and further other levels of the paper. Its marks are not counted in final merit list but it is compulsory to clear this level to move forward in the examination.

  • It is mandatory for the candidates to appear in both the papers of the Prelims exam in order to be qualified for the evaluation purposes. The candidate will be disqualified in case he or she appears in only one paper of the Prelims exam.

  • Use government publications with good discretion for the preparations and also use the test series or practice questions you are referring to very wisely.

  • Welfare policies are often a matter of concern for the students. It has been observed that the schemes originating from government departments are asked about preference. And the recently launched or changes in the flagship schemes are often the high yielding ones.

There are many students who appear multiple times to clear UPSC Prelims examination because limited numbers of candidates are chosen to write the mains exam in each attempt.

For the preparation of an exam of this level qualities like a sharp memory and basic retention power and proper strategy is needed.

Also, conceptual clarity on every topic of the syllabus is required from the candidates.

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UPSC Syllabus for IAS Mains Exam

 upsc syllabus and eligibility

The Mains examination forms the 2nd phase of the Civil Services Examination. A candidate is allowed to appear for and write the Mains examination only after he/ she has successfully qualified the prelims examination.

The UPSC Mains Exam is a crucial part of the Civil Services Exam as every mark scored in this stage counts in the final selection process.

The UPSC Mains Syllabus is designed in such a way that it helps in assessing the academic talent of the individual in the form of his/ her ability to apply and present his/ her knowledge.

 Instead of memorization and rote learning, the exam is designed in a way to analyze the overall understanding of the subject and depth of intellect of the candidates.

The mains exam consists of total nine papers, but out of that 2 papers are designed to allocate 300 marks on the qualifying standard and marks of these both paper will not be estimated for the final round.

  • Any Indian language

  • English


Paper A- Indian Language

One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate should be from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.

However, this paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Sikkim. This paper is of qualifying nature and candidate has to score at least 30% to qualify this paper.

Paper B- English Syllabus for UPSC

upsc english syllabus

This paper is also of the qualifying nature and a candidate has to score at least 25% marks to clear this test.

Minimum marks obtained by the candidates in these two papers will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation. But in case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidate will not be considered or counted.

Structure of these two papers:

The type of questions asked are-

  1. Essay – 100 marks

  2. Reading comprehension – 60 marks

  3. Precise Writing – 60 marks

  4. Translation :

  • English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks

  • Compulsory language to English – 20 marks

  1. Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks

The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only.

Also, the candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

The rest of the seven papers besides these two can be written in any of the languages mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or in English.

Each of these papers carries 250 marks (total of 1750 marks). Only the marks obtained by the candidates in these 7 papers are counted in the final merit.

Paper 1- Essay (250 marks)

upsc syllabus for essay

Essay writing is a very important part of the UPSC Mains Syllabus, for Paper 1. Here the candidates may be required to write an essay on any specific topic.

This paper can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice.

Candidates will be expected to keep close knowledge to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write in a concise manner. Credits will be given for the effective and exact expressions of the topic.

There are some tips and strategies that can give the boost to your essay paper marks:

  1. Try to write a few essays in full during your preparation, simulating the environment in the examination hall.

  2. Familiarize yourself with previous essays asked by UPSC so that you will have a clear picture about the type and standard of questions to be expected.

  3. UPSC/the examiner normally gives credit to new perspectives and fresh analysis.

  4. Avoid verbosity and flowery language. Use a simple style instead.

  5. You may use relevant quotes to reinforce your arguments. But never try to alter the quotes of great personalities.

  6. A good handwriting is always an asset. If your handwriting is not legible, put some efforts in that area.

  7. Make your statements precise. Avoid guesses.

  8. The introductory paragraph should have clear indications about what you are going to write in the essay.

  9. You may show your inferences in the concluding paragraph.


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Paper 2: General Studies paper 1 (250 marks)

upsc syllabus for gs

For the UPSC Mains examination and Syllabus, General Studies is very important. The general studies paper 1 includes topics like Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society.

The main topics of this paper consist of:

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


Paper 3: General Studies paper 2 (250 marks)

upsc syllabus and pattern

The syllabus of this paper has consisted of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations. The topics include:

  • Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

  •  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

  • Important International institutions, agencies, and for- their structure, mandate.


Paper 4: General Studies paper 3 (250 marks)

 upsc syllabus and subjects

Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management form the main parts of the syllabus of this paper.

The topics included here are:

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • Government Budgeting.

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • Land reforms in India.

  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  • Investment models.

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

  • Disaster and disaster management.

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper 5: General Studies paper 4 (250 marks)

upsc csat syllabus

The syllabus for General Studies 4 Paper for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam consists of the major areas namely Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude.

This paper will include questions in order to test the candidates’ attitude and approach towards the issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his/ her problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him/ her in dealing with the society.

The questions may also utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered in this paper:

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions;

  • Dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the

  • Lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family, society and

  • Educational institutions in inculcating values.

  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and

  • Political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality, and non-partisanship,

  • Objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration:

  • Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as

  • Sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral

  • Values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;

  • Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of

  • Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,

  • Challenges of corruption.

  • Case Studies based on the above issues.

Paper 6 and 7: OPTIONAL SUBJECT(250 marks each paper)

upsc syllabus exam pattern

These two papers consist of optional subjects to be chosen by the candidates. Each paper will be of 250 marks.

The question papers are of conventional (essay) type. Each paper is of three hours duration. Following is the complete list of optional subjects for civil services main examination.

Candidates have to opt for any one subject from these for these two papers each:

  1. Agriculture

  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

  3. Anthropology

  4. Botany

  5. Chemistry

  6. Civil Engineering

  7. Commerce and Accountancy

  8. Economics

  9. Electrical Engineering

  10. Geography

  11. Geology

  12. History

  13. Law

  14. Management

  15. Mathematics

  16. Mechanical Engineering

  17. Medical Science

  18. Philosophy

  19. Physics

  20. Political Science and International Relations

  21. Psychology

  22. Public Administration

  23. Sociology

  24. Statistics

  25. Zoology

  26. Literature of anyone the following language: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

The scope of the syllabus for optional subject papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) for the mains examination is broad of the honors degree level.

While in the case of Engineering, Medical Science and law, the level of the examination corresponds to the bachelors’ degree.

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examinations of India. Lots of the students will be eliminated in the UPSC prelims exam itself.

UPSC mains syllabus is vast for sure and thus it requires intense preparation. Utilizing time efficiently and improving the writing skills will play a key role in the mains exam.

Students appearing for the UPSC mains exam must get clarity on each and every subject and topic.


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UPSC Syllabus for IAS Interview/Personality Test

UPSC Syllabus for IAS Interview/Personality Test- Phase 3

The candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the ‘Personality Test/Interview’. These candidates will be interviewed by a Board appointed by the UPSC itself.

The Interview or the Personality test of the Civil Services exam is conducted in Delhi at the UPSC office. The length of the interview is not fixed generally but the longer the interview lasts, the higher are the chances for a good score.

The marks of the interview are added to the marks obtained in the Mains exam and after that, the final merit list is prepared.

So the interview marks of the candidates are not disclosed immediately and can be known only at the time of declaration of the final results by the UPSC.

Candidates counting to about double the number of vacancies declared initially are selected through the mains exams and called to appear for the personality test.

 Here, 275 marks are allocated to the personality test. And as per a UPSC report, it is observed that about 90 percent of the candidates who qualify for interview obtain around the minimal percentage of 55 percent prescribed for the test. 

Though you cannot afford to get less than 55 percent marks in the interview you must also know it’s not enough to get into the final merit list.

However to be assured to get a Class I service, one has to generally obtain about 58 percent marks. It is normally observed that only those candidates who secure 60 percent and above are sure of getting a service of their own choice.

So in the simple words, in order to get a good ranking for a better service allotment, one should strive to get at least 200 marks and above in the interview to get the allotment of the IAS and other Group A services.

The board conducting the interview is formed by various boards constituted by the UPSC.

The list of the board being faced by individual interviewees is given out at the time of declaration of the dates of the interviews and it is expected from the candidates to do some research of their respective board members.

Since the interview is so crucial, personal and variable part of this examination as a good score in the personality test can play a determining role in the final selection of the candidate through the civil service exams, extra preparation is required to tackle this test.

Types of questions asked at the Interview or Personality test:

upsc interview syllabus

The candidates appearing for the interview will be given questionnaires to be filled up and submitted at the time of their interview.

The candidates are advised to formulate their answers very carefully in the questionnaire because questions can be asked about the form that they have filled and submitted to the UPSC before their interview.

They must go through the information they have filled because some questions are sure to be asked from there.

Some questions that are generally asked are related to the topics such as:

  • Relating to your name, any famous person who has a similar or same name or surname,

  • Your career choice, why do you want to be a civil servant?

  • Choice of services, the order of your choice of services can raise questions too.

  • What are your Hobbies, why you pursue such a hobby or questions related to your hobby etc?

  • Questions about your academic institution and related to them. If you have studied at the IIM or IIT, you may be asked about the brain drain or fat salaries, if from IGNOU then even about Indira Gandhi and so on.

  • Question from your educational qualification. If you are an MBBS or from an economic background, a question can be asked how you are going to use your specific knowledge in the civil services. Don’t you think you can serve your country better by remaining a doctor and treating poor patients or joining civil services?

  • General Studies that forms the four papers of the Mains examination is the prime area from where questions can be asked. It includes Current Affair topics in recent days and policy analysis like “Note ban” Surgical strike etc. So make a list of topics and prepare thoroughly to answer them verbally.

  • You should be prepared to answer the question on your optional subjects, especially if that is not the discipline in which you have graduated. If you have changed your optional subject in the next attempt, you may be ready with the questions why you did that.

  • There could be situational questions as if you were the collector/SP of the certain place where terrorist have struck with a Bomb Blast, what would you do in its aftermath?

Qualities to be tested in the Personality test

upsc syllabus detailed

The Personality Test is aimed at assessing the candidate’s personality whether he/ she is suitable to be a competent administrator or not. The candidate is tested for intelligence, attentiveness, a balance of judgment and human qualities like honesty, integrity, and leadership.

Some of the qualities that should be rated in the personality test, as recommended by The Kothari Committee constituted by the UPSC are listed as follows:

  • Clarity of expression

  • Grasp of narrative and argument

  • Reasoning ability,

  • Appreciation of different points of views

  • Awareness and concern for socio-economic problems

  • Range and depth of interests and personal attributes relevant to interaction with people.


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How to Prepare for the UPSC Interview or Personality Test

Even though the overall personality development is a continuous process but a proper planning after qualifying the Mains exam can help you prepare for the Interview or the personality test.

This preparation has to be done in THREE parts.

First is summing up the knowledge and storing them in your virtual memory. Second should be to develop conversational skills and the Third should be to develop personality traits.

 The candidate should make a self-analysis of his/ her strengths and weaknesses on these three points and make a conscious effort to work on them and improve. 

In order to hone the three most required preparations for the Interview, one has to do two things very seriously. One is to start taking the mock test in front of the mirror and record your voice in your mobile phone and asses yourself after hearing it over and over again.

 Secondly, once you gain confidence join any leading coaching institute and make sure to attend at least three to five live interviews and improve on your preparation based on the feedback.

Personal Tips to face the UPSC Interview

upsc syllabus explanation

  • Eye contact: Eye contact is a crucial assessment parameter to gauge your confidence level. You must avoid looking down elsewhere while giving answers as this may suggest you’re nervous and insecure.

  • Fiddling with fingers: A busy hand gesture may give the impression that you are not keen for the interview, you must avoid fiddling with fingers and try to present yourself as a bundle of confidence

  • Avoid crossing your arms: Try to keep your hands flat on your lap and not on the table. Avoid crossing your arms even subconsciously as it creates a barrier and makes you look defensive. You must look as approachable as possible and avoid such unnecessary gestures.

  • Slouching in the chair: Try to sit straight and on the chair and do not sit on its edge or try to lounge back on the seat. Your sitting position carries a lot of weight to the interviewer.

  • Too many hand gestures: While it is alright to make some hand gestures to stress some crucial points but too much hand gestures are maybe distracting and annoying to the interviewer.

  • Don’t bite your lip: When you bite your lip, you’re signaling that you are indecisive. When you lick your lips, it may indicate your lack of confidence.

  • Stop touching your face or hairs: Avoid scratching your face or twirling your hair, even involuntarily. The interviewer can judge you a lot by watching your face, so try to keep your face as natural looking as possible.

  • Nod your head minimum: We subconsciously nod when we agree with someone but you should not look like a bobble-head either. Just nod once or twice to signal you are focused and attentive.


How to answer your question during the UPSC interview

upsc syllabus exam pattern

The questions should be answered clearly and confidently and you should try to remain calm and composed even when faced with the awkward question.

You should avoid long-winded explanations and try to give precise to the point answers. You are supposed to defend what you say, but with due respect to the board and stop trying to defend if it becomes difficult to do so logically and fairly.

Do not make hasty or sweeping generalizations. Avoid the expression, ‘I am sorry.’ Avoid conversational clichés, like: ‘as you know’, ‘that’s correct’, ‘of course’, ‘indeed’, ‘obviously’, etc. Avoid technical jargon. However, if a member continues to probe you in any technical field, you can use technical expressions.

You can appear serious every now and then, but most of the time keep smiling and remain composed. If the board laughs then you should only smile.

It may give a positive reflection on the depth of your personality. Also, you should show human concern whenever possible in your answers.

Documents to be submitted at the UPSC Personality test

 upsc syllabus for prelims

At last,t you should always have all the documents available with you that are required for the personality test.

Following Documents has to be submitted at the time of Personality Test Board for Civil Services Examination:

  • SC/ST Certificate Performa, OBC Certificate Performa, Undertaking, Physically Handicapped Certificate Performa, Performa of Hailing from Certificate Questionnaire, Attestation Form, TA Form.
  • The Questionnaire, Attestation Form, and TA Form are available at the UPSC official website.
  • If you have applied under SC or ST or OBC, or Physically Handicapped category then fill in and submit the respective certificate. The certificate is separately available for print out at the UPSC site –

The candidates are requested to carry the following documents for the interview-

  1. Filled Questionnaire: the questionnaire consists of seven pages and is required for the research and analysis section of UPSC and is also used for assessing background information of the candidate appearing for the personality test/ interview. It has to be duly filled and submitted at the time of the interview. The questionnaire is divided into several sections such as:

  • Background of the candidate

  • Employment status

  • Previous Civil Services attempts

  • Competitive exams cleared

  • Reasons for interest in Civil Services

  • Education particulars

  • Background of Parents/Guardian

  • Source of information for Civil Services

  • Coaching attended

  • Optional subject has chosen

  1. Attestation Form: The attestation form has to be filled with the required details including residence, nationality education and has to be signed by a Gazetted officer before being submitted at the time of the interview.

This was all about the syllabus for the UPSC examination in details.

Now, since it is one of the toughest entrance exams in the country and the syllabus is also quite vast, you need to prepare for the examination with a proper planning and strategy.

Quick Tips to Pass Civil Services examination with confidence

upsc syllabus for public administration

1. Prepare a suitable time-table: Analyze your preparation status long before the examination and then plan your study schedule accordingly.

For an exam like this, last minute preparations never work. And since the civil services exams take place every year, there is always a plenty of time with you to plan how many days you would want to allow for certain subjects.

Early preparations always help than mugging up when the exams are just a month away. And remember that slow and steady wins the race always.

2. Study and revision both should be part of your syllabus: Since the syllabus for the civil services exam is very vast, so you need to plan your studies in small parts like for a day and for a week.

Plan your study method in such a way that you should be able to read and revise the prescribed subjects as many times as possible or until you feel confident about your preparation.

3. Focus on the basic concepts: Since the aspirants of the civil services exam aspire to help in nation building, they need to know what exactly it takes to pass these exams and they should also be well aware of the country and significant developments.

 Thorough knowledge about your country’s culture, society and language is an inevitable requirement to be well prepared for the exams. So the preparation does not require you to be just a book-worm but an aspirant with the practical knowledge of his surroundings.

4. Make notes: it is very important that you make quick notes, as you go through the syllabus. This will help you in revision and the better understanding of the concerned topics.

5. Keep yourself updated with current affairs: Civil services exams test an aspirant’s in-depth knowledge about the society he/she is lives in.

Also, it is a common myth among the candidates that they should be well aware of what is happening at the international level.

Knowledge about international events is also required, but knowing one’s own village, district, state, and country should be considered as the foundation for one’s preparation for the examination. This knowledge does help in serving one’s country very well.

6. Reading newspapers: The moment one fills up the form for civil services exams, one is advised to read newspapers regularly.

Especially reading English newspaper is advised with more emphasis. However, it is quite important for the civil services exams aspirants to read English as well as other regional language newspapers.

The idea behind this is to be well informed rather than acquiring limited knowledge. One newspaper may provide news with limited information whereas the same news may be given with a lot of details in another.

7. Practice previous years question papers: Solving previous years question papers is very important. Normally it is advised to follow at least 5 years solved question papers.

Solving these papers gives you an idea of the structure and pattern of the questions papers and what kind of questions can be asked in the coming exams.

Solving question papers of previous years’ examinations or at least glancing at them may appear to be a tedious task, but it is a pain worth undergoing.

It helps in boosting your confidence and gives you a clear picture of what you are going to see in the question papers of upcoming exams. It will give your personality a leap from being blank to being focused and confident.

8. Focus on your personality and communication skills: Interview is one of the most important parts of this examination and thus, it is vital for you to convey your thoughts clearly to the interviewers. So, you need to concentrate on polishing your communication skills and body language.

Some candidates are blessed with such skills. And some need to practice to become excellent communicators of their ideas. Candidates with no communication skills can approach those, who have already appeared for the civil services exams, to take useful tips from them.

9.Be honest to yourself: The interview part of the civil services exams is not designed to judge one’s expertise on a subject. However, a candidate needs to speak from the heart or answer all the questions with honesty.

The interviewers are there not just to ask questions but also to evaluate a candidate’s personality and ability to have a clear understanding that a ‘no’ is a ‘no’ it cannot be replaced with a ‘yes’ and vice versa.

So at last, you have to be yourself, and you must face the exam and interview honestly.

is Coaching Necessary to Crack UPSC Examination?

One of the most common questions of UPSC aspirants is whether coaching classes are necessary to clear the examination?

One very simple fact that every civil services aspirant should know is that if one is not mentally prepared and determined enough to understand a subject to the core, one cannot succeed in the examination even by attending coaching classes.

Those who believe that only coaching classes can help them with useful tips for preparation can join some good coaching institute.

However, it is always better to study each and every subject in detail with proper understanding instead of preparing for just the name’s sake.

So, if you really want to crack the civil services examination and acquire your dream job or post, you need to be really determined and focused on the preparation.

Go through the whole syllabus with complete seriousness and then make strategies to cover the full syllabus with understanding and confidence.

We hope all the information provided here about the examination will be helpful for you.

Read More:- Top 5 IAS Coaching In Bangalore

By Sourav Pathak

A Guy Without a "Title". Good friends, Good Books, and a Sleepy Conscience: That Sums of My life.

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