How to Pass GATE Exam-The Complete Guide

 how to clear gate exam without coaching

Science and technology is the core of development; without science or technology, there cannot be any development. Everything which is scientifically valid is intercepted by mankind but otherwise. Science let things happen. It enlightens the dark path on which survival is to be found. For an engineer, survival can be tough as science is unending and ever-expanding.

Students who choose science as their major subject are likely to be sharper than others; it is because they are conditioned to be curious and consistent. Likewise, learning science makes your child’s brain curious and consistent. But soon after completing graduation, a student starts looking for job opportunities.

As a matter of fact, there are primarily two ways of entering the field of science; either you finish graduation and start working and find your way up through promotions or you may opt for a post-graduate degree.

Both the ways may sound similar as the final destination remains the same (a career in the field of science) but they are indeed very different, practically speaking. An engineer who is not a post-graduate begins working with a CTC of 2.4 LPA while another engineer who is a post-graduate begins working with 4+ LPA in India.

If the numbers are to be ignored, the career of an engineer gets a boost right from the time of his/her placement. Where graduation is to bring in the fine student/learner in you, post-graduation is about transforming that student into a responsible professional-socialite.

So, in order to rough up the edges of your career, a master’s degree is practically important for staying ahead of the game.

India produces the maximum number of engineers throughout the world and hence, getting enrolled into a college for masters in science requires you to clear GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test Engineering) exam.

The first key step is making sure you chose the correct subject. From a total of 22 subjects only 1 can be chosen for the GATE exam so keep in mind:

  • Suitable for your career
  • Suitable for your interest

Here is the list of 22 subjects in which you can choose for the GATE exam:

 how to clear gate exam without coaching

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft. It has two major and overlapping branches

Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering is the engineering discipline that studies agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with knowledge of agricultural principles according to technological principles

Architecture and Planning

n the field of architecture an architectural plan is a design and planning for a building and can contain architectural drawings, specifications of the design, calculations, time planning of the building process, and other documentation.


Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or “any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use” (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering, biomedical engineering, biomanufacturing, molecular engineering, etc.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.


Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, and behavior.

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.

Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering,[3] and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering

Computer Science and Information Technology

Computer science is the study of the theory, experimentation, and engineering that form the basis for the design and use of computers.

It is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications and the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to, information.

Ecology and Evolution

Ecology is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment. Objects of study include interactions of organisms with each other and with abiotic components of their environment.

how to crack gate exam in first attempt

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the latter half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use

Geology and Geophysics

Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.

The term geophysics sometimes refers only to the geological applications: Earth’s shape; its gravitational and magnetic fields; its internal structure and composition; its dynamics and their surface expression in plate tectonics, the generation of magmas, volcanism and rock formation

Instrumentation Engineering

Instrumentation engineering is the engineering specialization focused on the principle and operation of measuring instruments that are used in design and configuration of automated systems in electrical, pneumatic domains etc and the control of quantities being measured.

They typically work for industries with automated processes, such as chemical or manufacturing plants, with the goal of improving system productivity, reliability, safety, optimization, and stability.

To control the parameters in a processor in a particular system, devices such as microprocessors, microcontrollers or PLCs are used, but their ultimate aim is to control the parameters of a system.


Mathematics is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys

Mining Engineering

Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth. Mining engineering is associated with many other disciplines, such as geology, mineral processing and metallurgy, geotechnical engineering and surveying


Physics is the natural science that studies the matter and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force

Production and Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations. Industrial engineers work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, person-hours, machine time, energy and other resources that do not generate value.

Textile Engineering and Fibre Science

It is based on the conversion of fiber into yarn, yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes. Different types of fibers are used to produce yarn. Cotton remains the most important natural fiber, so is treated in depth

Engineering Sciences

Engineering physics or engineering science refers to the study of the combined disciplines of physics, mathematics and engineering, particularly computer, nuclear, electrical, electronic, materials or mechanical engineering.

By focusing on the scientific method on a rigorous basis, it seeks ways to apply, design, and develop new solutions in engineering.

Life Sciences

The life sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of organisms (such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings) as well as related considerations like bioethics. While biology remains the centerpiece of the life sciences, technological advances in molecular biology and biotechnology have led to a burgeoning of specializations and interdisciplinary fields.

Here are some quickie tips to help you while preparing for GATE examination:

 gate exam pattern

  • Every student who is aspiring to crack Gate must study thoroughly from the official syllabus. You must be ready for expecting questions from anywhere.
  • Every student must understand the structure and type of questions in the exam for clearing Gate
  • Students must make a study plan keeping time for topics you enjoy do not enjoy and those that are scoring. Also, having a variety of topics to study in one day helps increase concentration.
  • Students must attempt sample exam papers and previous exam papers to notice trends and increase speed.
  • Students must practice calculations on a calculator to increase your speed during the exam (calculators are allowed during exams)
  • Students must try to pay extra attention to questions you answer incorrectly
  • The student must focus on key concepts for ensuring a strong core of the subject
  • Students must make small notes for important topics you are likely to forget
  • Students must solve questions from different books
  • Students must keep a list of formulae to revise from, in order to ensure a more focused mind
  • Every student must practice chapter based self-tests to improve your weak areas
  • Students must answer carefully to avoid negative marking; if you are not confident about a question skip it
  • Students must make sure that they revise at least twice for increasing the chances of cracking Gate
  • Students must prepare for the General Aptitude section thoroughly as it is simple and highly scoring
  • Students must practice online sample papers to get used to the computer-based exam format
  • Every student must use the last 15 days before the exam for rapid-fire question answers

Finally, when we are done talking about the study methods to be followed for cracking GATE exam, we must talk about the importance of a healthy lifestyle which is extremely important for the students.

Life is tough and there’s no denying to this fact. What is tough is the stress that you go through. In fact, many students feel that the actual exam is not that scary in comparison to the night preceding it.

Preparation for competitive entrance exams like NEET can be quite exhausting at times. To ensure a remarkable score, you need to dedicate quite a good portion of your day into it.

Rise early

how to study smart for gate

There are no shortcuts. You have to push yourself out of the bed and unless you take the initiative all that you will do is snoozing your alarm.

Value your time

Manage your time well. Plan your time according to the syllabus that needs to be covered.

Eat sufficiently

It is necessary that you take care of your health. Follow a nutritious diet and include a lot of vegetables and fruits in your daily food that will help to boost your memory and brain power.

Timetable must

A timetable and a checklist of the dos will help you to find out whether you are on the right track. Once a particular topic is clear to you, check it and mark it done.


Try solving some previous year question papers or ask your tutor to put a mock test for you. Look at your score. It will give you an idea of where you stand and how much further improvisation you need.

Now when you are ready to appear for the exam, you must carry all the exam-essentials for righting a good exam.  Here is a list of thing which must be carried by during the GATE exam:

Carry Your Wrist Watch and Calculator:

 how to study smart for gate

Nowadays, many of us don’t have the habit of wearing wristwatches as the cell phone has replaced the place.

But before going for the examination, you need to carry your wristwatch and calculator to the hall. You may not need the calculator all the time, especially since you are appearing for Computer Science examination, but it is better to carry it to tackle the unpredictability.

Don’t Forget the Water Bottle: As the GATE exam is 3 hours long, you may feel thirsty during the examination time. You need to carry your own water bottle to the exam center.

It is advisable not to drink much water at a time but take the small sip to avoid discomfort and distraction. And don’t expect to buy the water bottle from the shop near to the center as there may be no availability of the same.

Keep Pen, Pencil, Eraser, and Sharpener: You need to answer the OMR sheet with the black ball pen. But it is advisable to answer the questions with pencil only. There is not much given for answer, so you can’t afford to do a long calculation on that space. That’s why you must have an option to erase and utilize and submit a fresh copy for it.

Don’t do Heavy Breakfast:

how to crack gate exam in first attempt

You need to sit comfortably in the examination hall for 3 long hours. So avoid heavy breakfast on the morning of the examination or you may feel sleepy.

Do a Comfortable Dressing: You may don’t feel to take care of your dressing for the written exam. But you need to sit comfortably to perform best on the day.

Carry a Clip Board: The desk or the table of the examination center may not be in good condition. So it is better to carry a clipboard with you to have a safe ride.

Be on Time: Don’t be late on the examination day. Try to reach the center before the scheduled time to avoid last moment rush and confusion. You need to chalk a backup plan to reach the hall on time in case of any chaos.

Relax the Day before Exam: You have already done with the best possible preparation for GATE exam. Now it is the time to relax and give your brain the much-needed rest for best performance on the next day.

Use Tricks to Find the Right Answer: For the multiple choice questions, you can use the given options to find out the right answer. You can do the back calculation and find out the right answer quickly.

Try Random Questions if You Get Stuck: Few times during the examination, you may not solve any particular question. If this will happen to you, then it is advisable to leave the question without wasting time and choose any random question to answer.

You can try the tricky question again after completing all other answer.

Let us hope that you have perfectly understood the requirements for clearing the GATE examination. We wish all the students a great career ahead and all the very best for their Gate examination.

By Sourav Pathak

A Guy Without a "Title". Good friends, Good Books, and a Sleepy Conscience: That Sums of My life.

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